Duty to inform
Definition and type of cookies
Cookies are portions of code (computer files or partial data) sent by a server to the user’s internet browser, automatically stored on the user’s computer by that browser and automatically sent back to the server each time the site is subsequently accessed. Usually, a cookie contains the name of the website from which the cookie originates, the lifetime of the cookie (i.e. how long it will remain on the user’s device) and a value, which is usually a randomly generated unique number. On each subsequent visit, cookies are either sent back to the website that originated them (first-party cookies) or to another website that recognises them (third-party cookies). Cookies are useful because they allow a website to recognise a user’s device and serve a variety of purposes, such as enabling efficient navigation between pages, remembering favourite sites and generally improving the browsing experience. They also help to ensure that advertising content displayed online is better targeted to a user and his/her interests.
Below is an explanatory list.
“Technical cookies” are essential for the proper functioning of the site and allow users to browse the site and take advantage of its features (e.g. they allow the memorisation of previous actions or save the user’s session and/or carry out other activities strictly necessary for the site to function).
This category also includes “analytical” cookies, which help understand how users interact with the site by providing information about the last page visited, the number of visited sections and pages, the time spent on the site and any incidents that have arisen during browsing, such as an error message, and help understand any difficulties the user is experiencing in using the site. This information may be associated with user details such as IP address, domain or browser; however, it is analysed together with other users’ information so as not to identify any specific user. These cookies are collected and aggregated anonymously and allow the site operator to improve the usability of the site.
Finally, “functionality” cookies allow the site to remember user choices (e.g. user name) in order to provide the user with a more personalised and optimised browsing experience. Functional cookies are not indispensable to the functioning of sites, but they improve quality and the browsing experience. If you do not accept these cookies, the performance and functionality of the site may be reduced and access to the content of the site may be restricted.
“Targeting” or “profiling” cookies are used to present content that is better suited to the user and his/her interests. They can be used to display targeted advertisements, to serve ads tailored to the user’s interests, or to limit the number of times the user views an advertisement. They also help to measure the effectiveness of advertising campaigns on the site; the site operator may use these cookies to remember sites that the user has visited and share this information with third parties, including agencies and advertisers who may use their cookies to collect information about the activities that users perform on the site.
“Sharing” (or social network) cookies are necessary to enable you to interact with the sites through your social account and are used, for example, to express an appreciation and to share it with your social contacts.
The site uses or may use, also in combination with each other, the following cookies:
– “session” cookies, which are stored on the user’s computer for purely technical-functional needs, for the transmission of session identifiers needed for a secure and efficient exploration of the site; they are deleted at the end of the “session” (hence the name) when the browser is closed;
– “persistent” cookies, which remain stored on the computer’s hard disk until they expire or are deleted by users. Persistent cookies mean that users accessing the sites (or any other users using the same computer) are automatically recognised each time they visit.
– third-party cookies. When a user uses the site, it is possible that some cookies are stored that are not controlled by the site operator. This happens, for example, if the user visits a page that hosts content from a third-party website. As a result, the user will receive cookies from these third-party services. On third-party cookies, the site operator has no control over the information provided by the cookie and has no access to this data. This information is fully controlled by third-party companies as described in their respective privacy policies.
The following table shows the third-party cookies that may be present on the site. These fall under the direct and exclusive responsibility of the third-party operator and are divided into the following macro-categories:
– Analytics: These are the cookies used to collect and analyse statistical information on access/visits to the website. In some cases, associated with other information such as the credentials entered to access restricted areas (your e-mail address and password), they can be used to profile the user (personal habits, sites visited, content downloaded, types of interactions carried out, etc.).
– Widgets: This category includes all those graphic components of a programme’s user interface, the purpose of which is to facilitate the user’s interaction with the programme itself (e.g. Facebook, Google+ and Twitter cookies are widgets).
– Advertising: This category includes cookies used to provide advertising services within a site.
If you do not wish to receive third-party cookies on your device, you can, via the links below, access the information and consent forms of these third parties and opt-out from receiving them.
If third-party cookies are used, these cookies are not directly controlled by the site. Therefore, in order to revoke consent, it is necessary to refer to the websites of the third parties or refer to http://www.youronlinechoices.com.
See the table below for information on how to delete or manage cookies depending on the browser used and to manage preferences for third-party profiling cookies, by way of example only:
Cookie that ensures a unique function on different pages
Cookie that saves the choices made by the user with the Cookie Law service
Cookie that distinguishes users browsing the site
Cookie for reading amd filtering requests made by bots
Cookie for storing and counting page views
Cookie for storing and counting page views
Cookie for storing and tracking user conversions
Cookie that serves to store and monitor the visits the user makes between websites
Cookie for storing the last visit made by the user
Providing your consent to cookies
Consent can be acquired:
1) By checking an appropriate box on the website
2) Through the choice of technical settings for information society services
3) By any statement or behaviour that clearly indicates that one accepts the proposed treatment
Providing your consent through the appropriate box on the site
The banner must also contain the warning that closing it by clicking the X in the top right-hand corner will result in the default settings remaining in place and, therefore, the non-operation of cookies or other tracking tools other than technical ones.
The settings must be modifiable by the user at any time through the use of the appropriate functionality made available on the front page of the site (such as, for example, the “Review your choices” button)
Providing consent by choosing technical settings for information society services.
The way this works, as well as the options for restricting or blocking cookies, can be modified by changing the settings on your internet browser. Most internet browsers are initially set to accept cookies automatically, but you can modify these settings to block cookies or to be notified whenever cookies are sent to your device. There are several ways to manage cookies. You should refer to the help screen of your browser to see how to adjust or change your browser settings. You can change the default configuration and disable cookies (i.e. block them permanently) by setting the highest level of protection.
Below is the path to follow to manage cookies from the following browsers:
Microsoft Edge: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/windows7/block-enable-or-allow-cookies
If you use different devices to view and access the sites (e.g. computer, smartphone, tablet, etc.), you should ensure that each browser on each device is adjusted to reflect your cookie preferences. To delete cookies from your smartphone/tablet’s internet browser, please refer to your device’s user manual.
Further clarifications are available on the website of the Garante della Privacy.